The proposed Mengamé gorilla sanctuary lies on the southern Cameroon-Gabon border and extends over an approximate area of 1,200 km². To the north, the sanctuary is surrounded by multiple-use forests, including commercial forestry concessions, and partially protected forested reserves.
Recent surveys suggest the presence of signiﬁcant populations of western gorillas.
However, pressures from local communities on the periphery of the Sanctuary, including habitat fragmentation, due to subsistence agriculture, and hunting, now threaten these remaining populations. Furthermore, commercial logging enterprises to the north of the Sanctuary threaten to encroach further and increase human access and commercial hunting.
These problems are further compounded by the lack of legal status and deﬁned limits of the proposed protected area.